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modes Aug 30th, 2009 07:30 PM

Egypt Laws
Hotel Injury, Real Estate, Family, Business and Tax are the most hot issues on the surface of the legal community in Egypt.
Many of the questions and queries, hundreds of lawyers with different answers but no clear vision.
Cairo, Sharm el Sheikh, Hurghada, Alexandria and many other cities in Egypt full of resident, investors, tourists, purchasers has a serious legal needs.

How to know the right answers?
How do we get answers to FAQ?
How to make sure that the source of legal information is reliable?

Egyptian Laws may refer to:
  • Egyptian Civil Code
  • Egyptian Judicial System
  • Egyptian State Lawsuits Authority


The Egyptian Civil Code is the primary source of civil law for the Egypt.

The first version of Egyptian Civil Code was written in 1949 containing 1149 articles. The prime author of the 1949 code was Abdel-Razzak Al-Sanhuri,a jurist who received assistance from Dean Edouard Lambert of the University of Lille. Perhaps due to Lambert's influence, the 1949 code followed the French civil law model. The code focus on the regulation of business and commerce, and does not include any provisions regarding family law which is usually handled through Shari’a. Sanhuri purposely left out family law and succession to set it apart from the Turkish civil code.

The code also provides for Islamic law(shari’a) to have a role in its enforcement and interpretation. Article 1 of the code provides that, “in the absence of any applicable legislation, the judge shall decide according to the custom and failing the custom, according to the principles of Islamic Law. In the absence of these principles, the judge shall have recourse to natural law and the rules of equity.” Despite this invocation of Islamic law, one commentator has argued that 1949 code reflected a "hodgepodge of socialist doctrine and sociological jurisprudence."


The Egyptian Judicial System (or judicial branch) in Egypt, is an independent branch of the government which includes both secular and religious courts.

The Egyptian judicial system is based on European, primarily French, legal concepts and methods. Under the several governments during the presidency of Hosni Mubarak, the courts have demonstrated increasing independence, and the principles of due process and judicial review have gained greater respect.

The legal code is derived largely from the Napoleonic Code. Marriage and personal status are primarily based on the religious law of the individual concerned. Thus, there are three forms of family law in Egypt: Islamic, Christian, and secular (based on the French family laws).


The Egyptian State Lawsuits Authority is an Egyptian judicial institution that resembles, in respect of competencies, the Attorney General in common law disciplines and particularly the United States Solicitor General.

The Egyptian State Lawsuits Authority had been established in 1874 prior to the establishment of the Egyptian national courts in 1883.

The Authority represents the interests of the state in a variety of areas before national and international courts and arbitral tribunals. Under the applicable law, the Egyptian State Lawsuits Authority is granted the power to proceed to plead on behalf of the state even if the state itself does not like to do so and vice versa.

Unregistered Aug 31st, 2009 02:25 PM

Re: Egypt Laws
I would suggest you use the private paid "ask a lawyer" service here if you want to detailed answers based on your specific facts. Hard to get specific issues nailed down in a public forum sometimes.

If that is what you are trying to do--

Unregistered Sep 1st, 2009 08:40 AM

Re: Egypt Laws
Of course you can hire a lawyer too!

modes Sep 1st, 2009 02:40 PM

Re: Egypt Laws
I would prefer to hire a lawyer but there is no list of attorneys to contact.

arablaws May 14th, 2011 07:40 AM

Re: Egypt Laws
Egypt Laws ( Egypt, Decision No. (44) of the Capital Market Authority Chairman For the Issue of Employees and Managers Rewarding and Motivation Systems and Contract Forms.

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